If history is written by the victors, can we really know Hannibal, whose portrait we see through the eyes of his Roman conquerors? Hannibal lived a life of incredible feats of daring and survival, massive military engagements, and ultimate defeat. A citizen of Carthage and military commander in Punic Spain, he famously marched his war elephants and huge army over the Alps into Rome's own heartland to fight the Second Punic War. Yet the Romans were the ultimate victors. They eventually captured and destroyed Carthage, and thus it was they who wrote the legend of Hannibal: a brilliant and worthy enemy whose defeat represented military glory for Rome. In this groundbreaking biography Eve MacDonald expands the memory of Hannibal beyond his military feats and tactics. She considers him in the wider context of the society and vibrant culture of Carthage which shaped him and his family, employing archaeological findings and documentary sources not only from Rome but also the wider Mediterranean world of the third century B.C. MacDonald also analyzes Hannibal's legend over the millennia, exploring how statuary, Jacobean tragedy, opera, nineteenth-century fiction, and other depictions illuminate the character of one of the most fascinating military personalities in all of history.
"Eve MacDonald has written one of the best biographies of Hannibal, at once readable and scholarly."--Andrew Erskine, author of Roman Imperialism
'Who was Hannibal? What motivated his epic struggle against Rome? And how has history remembered him? Eve MacDonald's book does not just tell the story of Hannibal; it offers an acute analysis of the evidence documenting his fascinating life and times.' - Kathryn Tempest, author of Cicero: Politics and Persuasion in Ancient Rome
'Eve MacDonald has produced a real page-turner in this lucid account of Hannibal, the Carthaginian general whose invasion of Italy brought republican Rome almost to her knees. She has succeeded brilliantly in unpicking the military and naval drama of the First and Second Punic Wars, giving the reader an acute sense not just of what Hellenistic warfare was like with all its brutality but also of what was at stake for both Carthage and Rome as they wrestled for hegemony in the western Mediterranean. Her command of the ancient evidence is authoritative and she gives proper weight to the problems, but she always keeps a tight grip on the narrative thread. A truly illuminating read.' - Antony Spawforth, co-author ofThe Oxford Classical Dictionary